Oracle WebLogic Server OS Command Injection Flaw Under Active Attack

Oracle Weblogic Server: CISA has recently released an emergency warning concerning a very dangerous malware known as CVE-2017-3506. This OS command injection vulnerability still remains open to the public, thus becoming a potential threat to various systems.

Vulnerability Overview

CVE-2017-3506 is an OS command injection vulnerability with a high severity CVSS score of 7.4. The U. S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) has sounded a high alert warning on a new trend emerging from the exploitation of a severe vulnerability in Oracle WebLogic Server, CVE-2017-3506. This is a waning OS command injection vulnerability that is actively being exploited and is threatening a plethora of systems.

Active Exploitation by 8220 Gang

As suspected the China-based cryptojacking group referred to as 8220 Gang has been identified as the main perpetrator. It has come to light that the group employs complex mechanisms to introduce cryptocurrency-mining malware to affected systems. This along with CVE-2023-21839 has been exploited by the attackers to perform their attacks, scriptless using shell or powerscript based on the os they targeted.

Technical Details and Exploit Methods

The 8220 Gang employs various obfuscation techniques to evade detection, such as hexadecimal encoding of URLs and using HTTP over port 443. Once the system is compromised, the attackers use PowerShell scripts to deliver the cryptocurrency miner, achieve persistence through scheduled tasks, and kill competing mining processes. They also utilize tools like Mimikatz and EternalBlue for lateral movement across networks, posing a significant threat to both Windows and Linux environments.

This code demonstrates how an attacker might test for the vulnerability by sending a malicious XML payload to the server.

Recent Patches and Official Recommendations

Oracle has released the crucial patch to fix this particular VU. CISA advise that patching these is done before June 24, 2024 since the networks remains vulnerable to the exploits. The patches include changes to block untrusted JNDI lookups and verify JNDI patterns as well as protection against communications with secondary injected objects by analyzing the injections that appear in CVE-2024-20931 and CVE-2024-21006 by themselves.

Mitigation Strategies

Organizations should implement the following measures to safeguard their systems:

  • Apply Latest Patches: Check with Oracle to make sure that the patches for WebLogic servers are current with the most recent security updates.
  • Restrict External Access: Restrict the access to some specific ports like 7001 among the systems and the administrator’s group only.
  • Implement Web Firewalls: Use WAFs to filter traffic, and for filtering, real-time logs to watch for odd activities on the application. Conduct Regular Security Audits: Security assessment and vulnerability scanning should be done often to identify and neutralize threats before they occur.

Impact and Consequences

The exploitation of CVE-2017-3506 can lead to severe consequences, including unauthorized access to critical data, system takeover, and significant performance degradation due to cryptocurrency mining. Infected systems may also become entry points for further malicious activities, posing a broad security risk to the entire network.


Increased use of the Oracle WebLogic Server OS command injection vulnerability creates situations that require constant consideration of proper security measures. With timely updates, limiting the number of users who have rights to access this component and monitoring one’s own systems, organizations may minimize the consequences of this critical threat and shield their information technologies from cyber threats.